Economic development (1 - 10 of 29 items)
Fresh Produce: Potential Implications of Country-of-Origin Labeling
T-RCED-99-200: Published: May 26, 1999. Publicly Released: May 26, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the labeling requirements for fresh produce, focusing on: (1) the potential costs associated with the compliance and enforcement of a mandatory country-of-origin labeling requirement at the retail level for fresh produce; (2) the potential trade issues associated with such a requirement; (3) the potential impact of such a requirement on the abilit...
Farm Bill Export Options
GGD-96-39R: Published: Dec 15, 1995. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO identified ways that the Department of Agriculture (USDA) can improve the effectiveness of its agricultural export assistance programs. GAO noted that: (1) public and private sector organizations identified 126 options for improving USDA agricultural export assistance programs; (2) of the options identified, there were 58 for improving market development an...
RCED-94-208R: Published: May 12, 1994. Publicly Released: May 12, 1994.
GAO provided information on the Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service's (ASCS) disaster assistance payments for crop years 1988 through 1993. GAO noted that: (1) between 1988 and 1993, ASCS allocated $9 billion in disaster assistance payments for 1,265 crops; (2) of the $9 billion in ASCS disaster assistance payments, income and price support payments totalled nearly $5 billion for 1...
Midwest Grain Quality
RCED-94-66R: Published: Nov 1, 1993. Publicly Released: Nov 1, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed damages to the current year's small grain crop, focusing on whether: (1) market conditions justify significant discounts in grain prices; (2) large grain companies use a systematic discount system for low-quality grain; and (3) large grain buyers blend low-quality grain with high-quality grain and then resell it at normal market prices. GAO found t...
Peanut Program: Changes Are Needed to Make the Program Responsive to Market Forces
T-RCED-93-18: Published: Mar 10, 1993. Publicly Released: Mar 10, 1993.
GAO discussed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) peanut program. GAO noted that: (1) peanut farming has become increasingly concentrated as smaller farms have been consolidated to form larger-scale operations; (2) technological advances and other improvements have led to yields nearly five times greater than the yields produced in 1934; (3) in 1991, fewer than 22 percent of the peanut producer...
Pesticides: Adulterated Imported Foods Are Reaching U.S. Grocery Shelves
RCED-92-205: Published: Sep 24, 1992. Publicly Released: Oct 15, 1992.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the Food and Drug Administration's (FDA) pesticide monitoring program, focusing on whether: (1) federal deterrents are adequate to prevent pesticide-adulterated food from reaching U.S. grocery shelves; and (2) FDA is using its resources to maximize detection of adulterated shipments.GAO found that: (1) FDA has increased its testing o...
Cotton Program: The Marketing Loan Has Not Worked
RCED-90-170: Published: Jul 31, 1990. Publicly Released: Aug 10, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO analyzed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) cotton marketing loan program and identified options for improving its effectiveness.GAO found that: (1) since 1985, the marketing loan program has not achieved its objective of keeping U.S. cotton prices competitive in world markets; (2) during the 14-month price divergence period, U.S. producers lacked incen...
Food Assistance: USDA's Implementation of Legislated Commodity Distribution Reforms
RCED-90-12: Published: Dec 5, 1989. Publicly Released: Dec 5, 1989.
Pursuant to a legislative requirement, GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) implementation of legislated commodity distribution reforms at the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS), Agricultural Marketing Service (AMS), and Agricultural Stabilization and Conservation Service (ASCS).GAO found that: (1) USDA had implemented 25 of 31 legislated reforms by May 1989; (2) USDA attributed delay...
Agriculture: Progress Made Toward Goals of 1985 Farm Bill
RCED-89-76BR: Published: Mar 30, 1989. Publicly Released: Apr 12, 1989.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the results of 1985 farm legislation, focusing on whether the law: (1) stabilized the financially stressed farm economy; (2) enhanced U.S. competitiveness as a supplier in world agricultural markets; and (3) prevented the buildup of large surplus stocks.GAO found that: (1) most economic indicators had improved since 1985, but it was uncertain how m...
Price Changes in Selected Agricultural Commodities and Foods
T-RCED-89-1: Published: Oct 5, 1988. Publicly Released: Oct 5, 1988.
GAO reviewed price changes in selected agricultural commodities and foods during 1988. GAO found that: (1) between June 1 and August 31, 1988, food prices generally increased more at the farm, processor, and retail levels than they did during the same period in 1987; (2) prices of many of the monitored food items began to increase prior to the drought, with the January to August 1988 increase bein...