International trade (1 - 10 of 37 items)
Agricultural Trade: USDA Is Monitoring Market Development Programs as Required but Could Improve Analysis of Impact
GAO-13-740: Published: Jul 31, 2013. Publicly Released: Aug 30, 2013.
Market development program participants use program funds to support a variety of activities intended to raise awareness or acceptance of U.S. agricultural products in overseas markets. Common activities include, among others, market research, consumer and retail promotion, and participation in international trade shows. GAO's analysis of expenditure data from 2007 through 2011 shows that particip...
International Trade: U.S. Agencies Need Greater Focus to Support Mexico's Successful Transition to Liberalized Agricultural Trade Under NAFTA
GAO-05-272: Published: Mar 25, 2005. Publicly Released: Apr 25, 2005.
In 1994, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA) created the world's largest free trade area and, among other things, reduced or eliminated barriers for U.S. agricultural exports to Mexico's vast and growing markets. As part of a body of GAO work on NAFTA issues, this report (1) identifies progress made and difficulties encountered in gaining market access for U.S. agricultural exports to...
Agricultural Trade: Changes Made to Market Access Program, but Questions Remain on Economic Impact
NSIAD-99-38: Published: Apr 5, 1999. Publicly Released: Apr 5, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's implementation of legislative reforms to the Market Access Program (MAP) and their impact on program participation.GAO noted that: (1) as directed by Congress, the Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) implemented operational changes to MAP; these changes have affected program participation and distribution of funds; (2...
Farm Bill Export Options
GGD-96-39R: Published: Dec 15, 1995. Publicly Released: Dec 15, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO identified ways that the Department of Agriculture (USDA) can improve the effectiveness of its agricultural export assistance programs. GAO noted that: (1) public and private sector organizations identified 126 options for improving USDA agricultural export assistance programs; (2) of the options identified, there were 58 for improving market development an...
Agricultural Trade: Competitor Countries' Foreign Market Development Programs
T-GGD-95-184: Published: Jun 14, 1995. Publicly Released: Jun 14, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed: (1) competitor countries' foreign agricultural market development activities; and (2) state trading enterprises (STE). GAO noted that: (1) the European Union spends far more on total agricultural support than the United States; (2) foreign market development includes advertising, consumer promotion, trade servicing and market research; (3) althou...
Agricultural Marketing: Comparative Analysis of U.S. and Foreign Promotion and Research Programs
RCED-95-171: Published: Apr 28, 1995. Publicly Released: May 19, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on U.S. and foreign promotion and research programs that are designed to increase domestic and foreign sales of agricultural products, focusing on: (1) how U.S. check-off programs are planned and organized; and (2) how comparable marketing organizations in Australia, Germany, New Zealand, and the United Kingdom carry out their agricultu...
Agricultural Trade: Five Countries' Foreign Market Development for High-Value Products
GGD-95-12: Published: Dec 14, 1994. Publicly Released: Dec 14, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the structure, funding, and promotional activities of the organizations that develop foreign markets for high-value agricultural products (HVP), focusing on the: (1) organizations in France, Germany, the United Kingdom, and the Netherlands that help develop foreign markets for HVP; (2) Department of Agriculture's (USDA) foreign market development p...
High-Value Product Exports: Good Potential Exists for More Trade With Taiwan, Malaysia, and Indonesia
GGD-94-52: Published: Nov 19, 1993. Publicly Released: Nov 24, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the: (1) potential for increased exports of U.S. agricultural high-value products (HVP) to Indonesia, Malaysia, and Taiwan; (2) factors that could limit HVP exports to these countries; (3) need for competitive market development activities in these countries; and (4) need to enhance the competitiveness of U.S. businesses in these mar...
Agricultural Trade: Significance of High-Value Products as Agricultural Exports
GGD-93-120: Published: Aug 10, 1993. Publicly Released: Aug 10, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed U.S. exports of high-value agricultural products (HVP) and the economic benefits of exporting these products, focusing on: (1) the governmentwide strategy for guiding U.S. export promotion programs; (2) U.S. and world trade statistics for HVP; (3) economic issues associated with HVP and bulk commodities exports; (4) the Department of Agriculture's...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Market Promotion Program Could Be More Effective
T-GGD-93-38: Published: Jun 23, 1993. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 1993.
GAO discussed the Department of Agriculture's Market Promotion Program (MPP). GAO noted that: (1) during fiscal years 1986 through 1993, over $1.25 billion was authorized for MPP, but the current funding process does not address several important factors; (2) the Foreign Agricultural Service (FAS) does not require commercial firms to demonstrate that MPP funds will be used to increase promotional...