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Agriculture and Food (1 - 10 of 1,559 items)
Single Audits: Improvements Needed in Selected Agencies' Oversight of Federal Awards
GAO-17-159: Published: Feb 16, 2017. Publicly Released: Feb 16, 2017.
Federal agencies have oversight responsibilities for the funds that they award to nonfederal entities and can assign these responsibilities to their subagencies (i.e., operating units or divisions). Nonfederal entities are required to undergo a single audit if their expenditures of federal awards in a fiscal year exceed a certain threshold. A single audit is an audit of the award recipient's expen...
Food Safety: A National Strategy Is Needed to Address Fragmentation in Federal Oversight
GAO-17-74: Published: Jan 13, 2017. Publicly Released: Feb 13, 2017.
Since 2014, the Department of Health and Human Services' (HHS) Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and the U.S. Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS), the federal agencies with primary responsibility for food safety oversight, have taken some actions to address fragmentation in the federal food safety oversight system, and HHS has updated its strategic plan to...
Permanent Funding Authorities: Some Selected Entities Should Review Financial Management, Oversight, and Transparency Policies
GAO-17-59: Published: Dec 9, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 9, 2016.
Permanent authorities to collect and obligate fees, fines, penalties and other funds without further congressional action vary in the degree to which Congress retains control over collections and obligations or delegates control to the entities that administer them. For the purposes of this report, GAO refers to these legal authorities as permanent funding authorities. GAO examined five case studi...
Seafood Safety: Status of Issues Related to Catfish Inspection
GAO-17-289T: Published: Dec 7, 2016. Publicly Released: Dec 7, 2016.
In reviewing the transfer of responsibility for the inspection of catfish from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS), GAO found in May 2012 that FSIS’s then-proposed catfish inspection program would further divide responsibility for overseeing seafood safety and introduce overlap at considerable cost. For exampl...
Food Safety: FDA's Efforts to Evaluate and Respond to Business Concerns Regarding the Produce Rule
GAO-17-98R: Published: Nov 28, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 28, 2016.
The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has developed an information clearinghouse, called the Technical Assistance Network (TAN), to evaluate and respond to concerns from businesses and other stakeholders regarding the produce rule and other rules under the FDA Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA). The produce rule, promulgated in November 2015, established the first enforceable national standards...
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: More Information on Promising Practices Could Enhance States' Use of Data Matching for Eligibility
GAO-17-111: Published: Oct 19, 2016. Publicly Released: Nov 17, 2016.
In administering the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP), all state SNAP agencies verify household income by conducting multiple data matches, which they find useful for detecting potential discrepancies related to SNAP eligibility (see figure below), according to GAO's survey of all state SNAP directors. Most states reported that particularly useful data matches provided current info...
International Cash-Based Food Assistance: USAID Has Established Processes to Monitor Cash and Voucher Projects, but Data Limitations Impede Evaluation
GAO-16-819: Published: Sep 20, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 20, 2016.
The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) and its implementing partners have established processes to monitor cash transfer and food voucher projects. To monitor the implementation of these projects, USAID has assigned monitoring roles and responsibilities to staff, is developing country monitoring plans and monitoring tools, and is working to verify information that partners...
Military Personnel: DOD Needs More Complete Data on Active-Duty Servicemembers' Use of Food Assistance Programs
GAO-16-561: Published: Jul 15, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 15, 2016.
Active-duty servicemembers and their families have access to food assistance through various government and charitable programs, but use of these programs varies, in part, on their ability to meet specific eligibility criteria. In an April 2010 report, GAO identified 18 government programs that provide food assistance to low-income households. Servicemembers may apply for and, if they qualify, rec...
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: Policy Changes and Calculation Methods Likely Affect Improper Payment Rates, and USDA Is Taking Steps to Help Address Recipient Fraud [Reissued on July 8, 2016]
GAO-16-708T: Published: Jul 6, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 6, 2016.
Over the last 10 years, the U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) has reported that improper payment rates for the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) have ranged from an estimated 5.8 percent to 3.2 percent of all payments, likely reflecting, in part, certain policy changes and calculation methods. Many factors affect low-income households' eligibility for SNAP and the amount of bene...
Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program: Enhanced Detection Tools and Reporting to Combat Recipient Fraud Are in Development
GAO-16-719T: Published: Jun 9, 2016. Publicly Released: Jun 9, 2016.
In 2014, GAO found that selected states employed a range of tools to detect potential Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) recipient fraud, but they faced challenges, including inadequate staffing levels, that limited the effectiveness of their actions, and the Food and Nutrition Service (FNS) lacked data about the states' efforts. The 11 states GAO studied reported using detection too...