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The Strategic Framework for U.S. Efforts in Afghanistan
GAO-10-655R: Published: Jun 15, 2010. Publicly Released: Jun 15, 2010.
The United States and its international partners from over 40 nations have been engaged in efforts to secure, stabilize, and rebuild Afghanistan since 2001. In an effort to establish clear and specific U.S. strategic goals, the President of the United States, in March 2009, outlined the U.S. Strategy for Afghanistan and Pakistan. This strategy emphasizes a strategic goal to disrupt, dismantle, and...
Nuclear Safety: Convention on Nuclear Safety Survey (GAO-10-550SP, April 2010), an E-supplement to GAO-10-489
GAO-10-550SP: Published: Apr 29, 2010. Publicly Released: Jun 1, 2010.
This document is an E-supplement to GAO-10-489. It presents the results of GAOs survey of the contracting parties to the Convention on Nuclear Safety. This survey was a key component of GAO's effort to gather information about the perceived effectiveness of the Convention in improving nuclear safety worldwide. The objectives of this survey were to determine which aspects of the Convention are work...
UN Office for Project Services: Management Reforms Proceeding but Effectiveness Not Assessed, and USAID's Oversight of Grants Has Weaknesses
GAO-10-168: Published: Nov 19, 2009. Publicly Released: Dec 17, 2009.
The United Nations (UN) Office for Project Services (UNOPS) provides numerous services for its clients, including procurement and project management. Recent audits and investigations of UNOPS have revealed alleged violations of law, weak internal controls, and financial mismanagement. UNOPS officials misused some of the more than $400 million awarded to UNOPS by the U.S. Agency for International D...
International Monetary Fund: Lending Programs Allow for Negotiations and Are Consistent with Economic Literature
GAO-10-44: Published: Nov 12, 2009. Publicly Released: Nov 12, 2009.
The International Monetary Fund (IMF) has significantly increased its total committed lending to countries from about $3.5 billion in August 2008 to about $170.4 billion in August 2009, as countries have been severely affected by the global economic crisis. IMF-supported programs are intended to help countries overcome balance-of-payments problems, stabilize their economies, and restore sustainabl...
International Food Assistance: A U.S. Governmentwide Strategy Could Accelerate Progress toward Global Food Security
GAO-10-212T: Published: Oct 29, 2009. Publicly Released: Oct 29, 2009.
The number of undernourished people worldwide now exceeds 1 billion, according to the United Nations (UN) Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO). Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest prevalence of food insecurity, with 1 out of every 3 people undernourished. Global targets were set at the 1996 World Food Summit and reaffirmed in 2000 with the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) when the United State...
International Trade: U.S. Agencies Have Taken Some Steps, but Serious Impediments Remain to Restricting Trade in Burmese Rubies and Jadeite
GAO-09-987: Published: Sep 30, 2009. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 2009.
Congress passed the Tom Lantos Block Burmese JADE Act in 2008 prohibiting the import of Burmese-origin jadeite, rubies, and related jewelry and calling for certain international actions. The act also requires GAO to assess the effectiveness of the implementation of this section of the act. This report assesses (1) key characteristics of the trade of Burmese-origin jadeite and rubies; (2) progress...
Nuclear Nonproliferation: National Nuclear Security Administration Has Improved the Security of Reactors in its Global Research Reactor Program, but Action Is Needed to Address Remaining Concerns
GAO-09-949: Published: Sep 17, 2009. Publicly Released: Sep 17, 2009.
Worldwide, about 165 research reactors use highly enriched uranium (HEU) fuel. Because HEU can also be used in nuclear weapons, the National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) established the Global Research Reactor Security (GRRS) program to make security upgrades at foreign research reactors whose security did not meet guidelines established by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA)....
Afghanistan and Pakistan: Oversight of U.S. Interagency Efforts
GAO-09-1015T: Published: Sep 9, 2009. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 2009.
GAO has identified Afghanistan and Pakistan as two of the most urgent issues facing this Administration and this Congress. In March, the President announced a strategy for Afghanistan and Pakistan, with a broad strategic goal of disrupting, dismantling, and defeating Al-Qaeda in Afghanistan; destroying its allies and safe havens in Pakistan; and preventing their return to Pakistan or Afghanistan....
United Nations: Renovation Still Scheduled for Completion in 2013, but Risk to Its Schedule and Cost Remain
GAO-09-870R: Published: Jul 30, 2009. Publicly Released: Jul 30, 2009.
In 2008, the United Nations (UN) began construction associated with its Capital Master Plan (CMP) to renovate its headquarters complex in New York City. As the UN's host country and largest contributor, the United States has a substantial interest in the success of the CMP. In this requested update, GAO reviewed the following key areas: schedule, cost, funding, risk management, procurement, and ov...
Climate Change Trade Measures: Considerations for U.S. Policy Makers
GAO-09-724R: Published: Jul 8, 2009. Publicly Released: Jul 8, 2009.
Global climate change is one of the most significant long-term policy challenges facing the United States, and policies to mitigate climate change will have important economic, social, and environmental implications. Members of Congress have introduced several bills to address the problem of climate change, many of which establish domestic emissions pricing by requiring firms that emit greenhouse...