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Low-Income Housing Tax Credit: The Role of Syndicators
GAO-17-285R: Published: Feb 16, 2017. Publicly Released: Mar 1, 2017.
The Low-Income Housing Tax Credit (LIHTC) established under the Tax Reform Act of 1986, is the largest source of federal assistance for developing affordable rental housing and has financed about 2.9 million rental units. LIHTCs encourage private-equity investment in low-income housing through tax credits. Developers of awarded projects typically attempt to obtain funding for their projects by att...
Environmental Litigation: Information on Endangered Species Act Deadline Suits
GAO-17-304: Published: Feb 28, 2017. Publicly Released: Feb 28, 2017.
GAO found that plaintiffs filed 141 deadline suits against the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) and National Marine Fisheries Service (NMFS) for allegedly failing to take actions within statutory deadlines under Section 4 of the Endangered Species Act (ESA) during fiscal years 2005 through 2015 (see figure). Section 4 contains mandatory deadlines for such actions as making findings on petition...
Border Security: DHS Has Made Progress in Planning for a Biometric Air Exit System and Reporting Overstays, but Challenges Remain
GAO-17-170: Published: Feb 27, 2017. Publicly Released: Feb 27, 2017.
Since GAO's 2013 report on the Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) efforts to develop a biometric exit capability to collect biometric data, such as fingerprints, from individuals exiting the United States, U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP) has conducted four pilot programs to inform the development and implementation of a biometric exit system. CBP has made progress in testing biometri...
Electronic Health Records: HHS Needs to Improve Planning and Evaluation of Its Efforts to Increase Information Exchange in Post-Acute Care Settings
GAO-17-184: Published: Jan 27, 2017. Publicly Released: Feb 27, 2017.
Stakeholders that GAO interviewed, including experts on electronic health records (EHR) in post-acute care settings, described five key factors that affect the use of EHRs and the electronic exchange of health information in these settings.Cost: Stakeholders stated that facilities often have limited financial resources to cover the initial cost of an EHR and noted that additional costs may be inc...
Sexual Assault: Better Resource Management Needed to Improve Prevention and Response in the Army National Guard and Army Reserve
GAO-17-217: Published: Feb 27, 2017. Publicly Released: Feb 27, 2017.
The Army National Guard (Guard) and Army Reserve (Reserve) have implemented sexual assault prevention and response programs, but face challenges in areas such as staffing, budget management, and investigation timeliness that may hinder program implementation.Staffing: The Guard and the Reserve have staffed their sexual assault prevention and response programs, but their use of full-time and coll...
VA Health Care: Actions Needed to Ensure Medical Facilities' Controlled Substance Programs Meet Requirements
GAO-17-442T: Published: Feb 27, 2017. Publicly Released: Feb 27, 2017.
GAO found weaknesses in the way four selected Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) medical facilities were implementing their controlled substance inspection programs. Two of the four did not conduct monthly inspections of controlled substances as required by the Veterans Health Administration (VHA). For example, one facility missed 43 percent of monthly inspections in critical patient care areas a...
Electricity: Federal Efforts to Enhance Grid Resilience
GAO-17-153: Published: Jan 25, 2017. Publicly Released: Feb 24, 2017.
The Department of Energy (DOE), the Department of Homeland Security (DHS), and the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) reported implementing 27 grid resiliency efforts since 2013 and identified a variety of results from these efforts. The efforts addressed a range of threats and hazards—including cyberattacks, physical attacks, and natural disasters—and supported different types of act...
Joint Exercise Program: DOD Needs to Take Steps to Improve the Quality of Funding Data
GAO-17-7: Published: Feb 24, 2017. Publicly Released: Feb 24, 2017.
The Department of Defense (DOD) has developed a body of guidance for the Joint Exercise Program and has implemented an approach to assess the effectiveness of the program. In addition to the body of guidance for the program, DOD is working to update a key guidance document for military training in accordance with a congressional requirement. DOD's approach to assess the effectiveness of the Joint...
Revenue Collections and Payments: Treasury Has Used Financial Agents in Evolving Ways but Could Improve Transparency
GAO-17-176: Published: Jan 25, 2017. Publicly Released: Feb 24, 2017.
The Department of the Treasury's (Treasury) use of financial agents has evolved as it has moved from paper to electronic transactions in response to changes in technology and new laws. Treasury has a long history of using financial agents to support its core functions of disbursing payments and collecting revenue. Since the 1980s, Treasury has used agents to move from paper to electronic transacti...
Maritime Administration: Proceeds from the Sale of Obsolete Vessels Were Accounted for, Allocated, and Disbursed Consistent with Applicable Law
GAO-17-280: Published: Feb 23, 2017. Publicly Released: Feb 23, 2017.
The Maritime Administration (MARAD) accounted for and allocated about $75.9 million in proceeds from the sale of 90 obsolete vessels from the National Defense Reserve Fleet (NDRF) in fiscal years 2005 through 2015 in the Vessel Operations Revolving Fund (VORF) consistent with applicable law.Required Allocation of Proceeds from the Sale of Obsolete Vessels Maintained in the Vessel Operations Revolv...