Executive Office of the President (21 - 30 of 3,419 items)
Emergency Communications: Survey of Selected Federal Agencies' Use and Procurement of Land Mobile Radio Equipment (GAO-17-13SP, October 5, 2016), an E-supplement to GAO-17-12
GAO-17-13SP: Published: Oct 5, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 5, 2016.
This e-supplement is a companion to GAO’s report entitled, Emergency Communications: Improved Procurement of Land Mobile Radios Could Enhance Interoperability and Cut Costs, GAO-17-12. The purpose of this e-supplement is to provide a summary of the results of GAO's survey of select civilian federal agencies on their use of land mobile radio (LMR) systems to communicate with other federal agencie...
Public Relations Spending: Reported Data on Related Federal Activities
GAO-16-877R: Published: Sep 30, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 5, 2016.
Federal obligations for advertising and public relations contracts have on average been close to $1 billion annually over the past decade, ranging from a low of about $800 million in fiscal year 2012 to a high of about $1.3 billion in fiscal year 2009, according to data from the Federal Procurement Data System-Next Generation (FPDS-NG). Obligations for these contracts are concentrated among a few...
Advanced Technologies: Strengthened Federal Approach Needed to Help Identify and Mitigate Supply Risks for Critical Raw Materials
GAO-16-699: Published: Sep 7, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 3, 2016.
Federal agencies are primarily focused on two areas of activity related to critical materials supply—assessing risk and supporting research. For example, the Department of Energy (DOE) has conducted two criticality assessments on materials important to clean energy applications and manages the Critical Materials Institute—a 5-year, $120 million investment aimed at mitigating risks by diversify...
Federal Research Grants: Opportunities Remain for Agencies to Streamline Administrative Requirements
GAO-16-890T: Published: Sep 29, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 29, 2016.
Administrative requirements for federal research grants include (1) Office of Management and Budget (OMB) government-wide grant requirements for protecting against waste, fraud, and abuse of funds and (2) agency-specific requirements generally for promoting the quality and effectiveness of federally funded research. For example, OMB requires grantees to maintain records sufficient to detail the hi...
Information Technology: Agencies Need to Improve Their Application Inventories to Achieve Additional Savings
GAO-16-511: Published: Sep 29, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 29, 2016.
Most of the 24 Chief Financial Officers (CFO) Act of 1990 agencies in the review fully met at least three of the four practices GAO identified to determine if agencies had complete software application inventories. To be considered complete, an inventory should (1) include business and enterprise information technology (IT) systems as defined by the Office of Management and Budget (OMB); (2) inclu...
NIH Biomedical Research: Agencies Involved in the Indirect Cost Rate-Setting Process Need to Improve Controls
GAO-16-616: Published: Sep 7, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 28, 2016.
Research organizations that apply for National Institutes of Health (NIH) funding participate in an indirect cost rate-setting process, which involves submitting a rate proposal; reviewing the proposal and having it audited by a third-party agency at the cognizant agency's request; and finalizing (negotiating) the rate for the organization. The Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and the Departm...
Foreign Assistance: Selected Agencies' Monitoring and Evaluation Policies Generally Address Leading Practices
GAO-16-861R: Published: Sep 27, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 27, 2016.
All the agencies we reviewed, except DOD, have established M&E policies that apply to their major foreign assistance programs. State, USAID, and MCC have agency-wide policies for foreign assistance M&E, while the civilian non-foreign-affairs agencies have policies relevant to their major foreign assistance programs—for USDA, the Foreign Agriculture Service’s food aid programs, and for HHS, the...
Federal Real Property: Efforts Made, but Challenges Remain in Reducing Unneeded Facilities
GAO-16-869T: Published: Sep 23, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 23, 2016.
Since 2012, the administration has taken steps to reform real property management and address the long-standing challenge of reducing excess and underutilized property. For example, in 2015, the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) issued government-wide guidance—the National Strategy for the Efficient Use of Real Property—which GAO found in 2016 could help agencies strategically manage real...
Tiered Evidence Grants: Opportunities Exist to Share Lessons from Early Implementation and Inform Future Federal Efforts
GAO-16-818: Published: Sep 21, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 21, 2016.
Tiered evidence grants are a new policy tool federal agencies are using to incorporate evidence of effectiveness into grantmaking. Under this approach, agencies establish tiers of grant funding based on the level of evidence grantees provide on their models for providing social, educational, health, or other services. Smaller awards are used to test new and innovative service models; larger awards...
Federal Information Security: Actions Needed to Address Challenges
GAO-16-885T: Published: Sep 19, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 20, 2016.
Cyber incidents affecting federal agencies have continued to grow, increasing about 1,300 percent from fiscal year 2006 to fiscal year 2015.Cyber Incidents Reported by Federal Agencies, Fiscal Year 2006--2015Several laws and policies establish a framework for the federal government's information security and assign implementation and oversight responsibilities to key federal entities, including th...