Maritime Administration (1 - 10 of 53 items)
Maritime Administration: Proceeds from the Sale of Obsolete Vessels Were Accounted for, Allocated, and Disbursed Consistent with Applicable Law
GAO-17-280: Published: Feb 23, 2017. Publicly Released: Feb 23, 2017.
The Maritime Administration (MARAD) accounted for and allocated about $75.9 million in proceeds from the sale of 90 obsolete vessels from the National Defense Reserve Fleet (NDRF) in fiscal years 2005 through 2015 in the Vessel Operations Revolving Fund (VORF) consistent with applicable law.Required Allocation of Proceeds from the Sale of Obsolete Vessels Maintained in the Vessel Operations Revolv...
West Coast Ports: Better Supply Chain Information Could Improve DOT's Freight Efforts
GAO-17-23: Published: Oct 31, 2016. Publicly Released: Oct 31, 2016.
Some infrastructure and operations at major West Coast ports are strained in the face of recent changes in global shipping, but port stakeholders are attempting to address these constraints. For example, as the shipping industry deploys larger vessels capable of delivering more cargo, some port terminals lack big enough cranes, or other infrastructure, needed to handle these vessels. All major Wes...
International Food Assistance: Cargo Preference Increases Food Aid Shipping Costs, and Benefits Are Unclear
GAO-15-666: Published: Aug 26, 2015. Publicly Released: Sep 25, 2015.
Cargo preference for food aid (CPFA) requirements increased the overall cost of shipping food aid by an average of 23 percent, or $107 million, over what the cost would have been had CPFA requirements not been applied from April 2011 through fiscal year 2014. Moreover, differences in the implementation of CPFA requirements by the U.S. Agency for International Development (USAID) and U.S. Departmen...
Maritime Administration: Ship Disposal Program Needs Improved Communications and Updated Strategic Plan
GAO-14-223: Published: Feb 12, 2014. Publicly Released: Feb 12, 2014.
The Maritime Administration (MARAD) uses a two-step source selection process, first by qualifying contractors and then awarding contracts for ship recycling services based on best value, consistent with the Federal Acquisition Regulation (FAR). In the first step, MARAD qualifies contractors' ship recycling facilities. The qualification process involves evaluating ship recycling facilities' proposa...
U.S. Merchant Marine: Maritime Administration Should Assess Potential Mariner-Training Needs
GAO-14-212: Published: Jan 31, 2014. Publicly Released: Jan 31, 2014.
Maritime training--for domestic waterway and oceangoing operations--is available through many public and private entities. These entities include the U.S. Merchant Marine Academy (USMMA), state maritime academies, community colleges, union-affiliated schools, and about 230 private sector schools. Private companies also provide training to their mariner employees, including training to operate the...
U.S. Merchant Marine Academy: Additional Actions Needed to Establish Effective Internal Control
GAO-12-369: Published: Jul 6, 2012. Publicly Released: Jul 6, 2012.
The U.S. Merchant Marine Academy (Academy) has made progress in improving its internal control since GAOs August 2009 report, but has not yet fully addressed one key recommendation related to fundamental weaknesses in its overall internal control system. GAO found that while the Academy had appointed an Internal Control Officer responsible for coordinating reviews of internal controls, it ha...
United States Merchant Marine Academy: Internal Control Weaknesses Resulted in Improper Sources and Uses of Funds; Some Corrective Actions Are Under Way
GAO-09-635: Published: Aug 10, 2009. Publicly Released: Sep 9, 2009.
The U.S. Merchant Marine Academy (Academy), a component of the Department of Transportation's Maritime Administration (MARAD), is one of five U.S. service academies. The Academy is affiliated with 14 non-appropriated fund instrumentalities (NAFI) and two foundations. GAO was asked to determine whether there (1) were any potentially improper or questionable sources and uses of funds by the Academy,...
Maritime Administration: Improved Program Management Needed to Address Timely Disposal of Obsolete Ships
GAO-05-264: Published: Mar 7, 2005. Publicly Released: Mar 7, 2005.
The Maritime Administration (MARAD) has more than 100 obsolete and deteriorating ships awaiting disposal that pose potentially costly environmental threats to the waterways near where they are stored. Congress, in 2000, mandated that MARAD dispose of them by September 30, 2006. While MARAD has various disposal options available, each option is complicated by legal, financial, and regulatory factor...
Maritime Security Fleet: Many Factors Determine Impact of Potential Limits on Food Aid Shipments
GAO-04-1065: Published: Sep 13, 2004. Publicly Released: Sep 13, 2004.
Food aid cargo must generally be carried on U.S.-flag ships under requirements set by the cargo preference program. Two groups of carriers compete for this cargo: (1) those that participate in the Maritime Security Program and receive an annual government subsidy--generally liners operating on scheduled routes and (2) those that do not--generally carriers operating on a charter basis. Congress dir...
Maritime Law Exemption: Exemption Provides Limited Competitive Advantage, but Barriers to Further Entry under U.S. Flag Remain
GAO-04-421: Published: Feb 27, 2004. Publicly Released: Feb 27, 2004.
No large U.S.-flagged cruise ships (ships registered in the U.S. that are U.S.-built, U.S.-owned, and U.S. crewed) are in operation. Foreignflagged vessels cruising to foreign ports serve most of the U.S. demand for cruises. However, Norwegian Cruise Line (NCL) recently obtained an exemption from U.S. maritime law to operate three foreign-built ships under the U.S. flag in Hawaii. Cruise lines and...