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Policy Development and Research (1 - 10 of 39 items)
Community Development Block Grants: Sources of Data on Community Income Are Limited
GAO-16-734: Published: Sep 6, 2016. Publicly Released: Sep 6, 2016.
The Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD) and states' primary method for communities to demonstrate eligibility when they disagree with HUD's eligibility determination is to allow communities to conduct their own local income surveys to show that they meet the Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) income threshold. HUD instructs small communities, known as nonentitlement communiti...
Financial Management Systems: HUD Needs to Address Management and Governance Weaknesses That Jeopardize Its Modernization Efforts
GAO-16-656: Published: Jul 28, 2016. Publicly Released: Jul 28, 2016.
In October 2015, as part of its planned New Core financial management systems modernization efforts, the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) completed transitioning 4 of 14 capabilities to shared service solutions. The implemented capabilities were for managing employee travel and relocation; recording time and attendance; performing core accounting functions such as general ledger a...
National Flood Insurance Program: Options for Providing Affordability Assistance
GAO-16-190: Published: Feb 10, 2016. Publicly Released: Mar 10, 2016.
Options for targeting assistance to subsidized policyholders of primary residences who may experience difficulty paying full-risk rates for their National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) policies include means testing assistance based on the income level of policyholders or geographic areas, setting premium caps, and basing assistance on the cost of mitigating the risk of damage to their homes. Cur...
Federal Housing Administration: Analysis of Options for Modifying Its Products, Market Presence, and Powers
GAO-13-682: Published: Sep 9, 2013. Publicly Released: Oct 22, 2013.
GAO identified a number of proposed options for adjusting product terms and conditions to help improve the Federal Housing Administration's (FHA) long-term viability. FHA has raised the premiums that it charges borrowers several times in recent years and has taken steps to tighten its underwriting standards--for example, by setting a minimum required credit score. Some mortgage market observers ha...
Rental Housing Assistance: HUD Data on Self-Sufficiency Programs Should Be Improved
GAO-13-581: Published: Jul 9, 2013. Publicly Released: Aug 8, 2013.
The Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) funds five key grant programs that encourage resident self-sufficiency. In fiscal year 2011, HUD awarded $113 million to the Housing Choice Voucher Family Self-Sufficiency (FSS), Public Housing FSS, and Resident Opportunity and Self-Sufficiency Service Coordinators (ROSS SC) programs. Public housing agencies (PHA) with HOPE VI grants or designa...
Mortgage Reform: Potential Impacts of Provisions in the Dodd-Frank Act on Homebuyers and the Mortgage Market
GAO-11-656: Published: Jul 19, 2011. Publicly Released: Jul 19, 2011.
The Dodd-Frank Wall Street Reform and Consumer Protection Act (Dodd- Frank Act) is intended, among other things, to reform residential mortgage lending and securitization practices that contributed to the recent financial crisis. The act provides some liability protection for lenders originating mortgages that meet nine specified criteria, as applicable, associated with a borrower's ability to rep...
Program Evaluation: Experienced Agencies Follow a Similar Model for Prioritizing Research
GAO-11-176: Published: Jan 14, 2011. Publicly Released: Jan 14, 2011.
Amid efforts to improve performance and constrain spending, federal agencies are being asked to expand the use of rigorous program evaluation in decision-making. In addition to performance data, indepth program evaluation studies are often needed for assessing program impact or designing improvements. Agencies can also use their evaluation resources to provide information needed for effective mana...
Community Development Block Grants: Entitlement Communities' and States' Methods of Distributing Funds Reflect Program Flexibility
GAO-10-1011: Published: Sep 15, 2010. Publicly Released: Sep 15, 2010.
The Housing and Community Development Act of 1974 (act) creating the Community Development Block Grant (CDBG) program provides entitlement communities (metropolitan cities and urban counties) and states with significant discretion in how they distribute funds for eligible activities. Because of this discretion, entitlement communities may use a variety of processes to select individual projects an...
Natural Disasters: Public Policy Options for Changing the Federal Role in Natural Catastrophe Insurance
GAO-08-7: Published: Nov 26, 2007. Publicly Released: Dec 26, 2007.
In recent years, much attention has been focused on the roles that the private sector and federal government play in providing insurance and financial aid before and after catastrophic events. In this context, GAO examined (1) the rationale for and resources of federal and state programs that provide natural catastrophe insurance; (2) the extent to which Americans living in catastrophe-prone areas...
Rental Housing: Information on Low-Income Veterans' Housing Conditions and Participation in HUD's Programs
GAO-07-1012: Published: Aug 17, 2007. Publicly Released: Aug 17, 2007.
Veterans returning from service in Iraq and Afghanistan could increase demand for affordable rental housing. Households with low incomes (80 percent or less of the area median income) generally are eligible to receive rental assistance from the Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD) housing choice voucher, public housing, and project-based programs. However, because rental assistance...