United Nations, Multinational (1 - 9 of 9 items)
International Trade: The United States and European Union Are the Two Largest Markets Covered by Key Procurement-Related Agreements
GAO-15-717: Published: Jul 29, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2015.
The United States is a party to, or is currently negotiating, international agreements covering government procurement with 60 countries. From 2008 through 2012 these countries together spent on average about $4.4 trillion annually to procure goods and services and to fund capital projects. This represented about a quarter of their total general government expenditures, and includes spending at th...
International Trade: Comparison of U.S. and European Union Preference Programs
GAO-01-647: Published: Jun 8, 2001. Publicly Released: Jun 8, 2001.
Both the United States and the European Union (EU) began providing trade preferences to eligible developing countries in the early 1970s. These trade preferences, which reduced tariffs and product quotas, are "nonreciprocal," meaning that beneficiaries need not reciprocate with lower tariffs for donor export countries. This report discusses (1) the volume of U.S. and EU nonreciprocal preferential...
Free Trade Area of the Americas: Negotiations at Key Juncture on Eve of April Meetings
GAO-01-552: Published: Mar 30, 2001. Publicly Released: Apr 2, 2001.
The negotiations to establish a Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA), which would eliminate tariffs and create common trade and investment rules within the 34 democratic nations of the Western Hemisphere, are among the most significant ongoing multilateral trade negotiations for the United States. Two meetings held in April 2001 offer opportunities to inject momentum and set an ambitious pace fo...
Vietnam Economic Data: Assessment of Availability and Quality
NSIAD-99-109: Published: Jun 1, 1999. Publicly Released: Jun 1, 1999.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on the economy of Vietnam, focusing on the availability, transparency, and quality of published economic and trade data on Vietnam.GAO noted that: (1) Vietnam has released data on a number of key economic indicators such as the gross domestic product (GDP), imports and exports, foreign investments, and growth rates; (2) however, it has...
International Affairs Budget: Framework for Assessing Relevance, Priority, and Efficiency
T-NSIAD-98-18: Published: Oct 30, 1997. Publicly Released: Oct 30, 1997.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO discussed the programs and activities funded by the international affairs budget, the function 150 account of the federal budget, focusing on the issues that should be raised in assessing the current programs and activities on the books that support U.S. foreign policy and economic objectives.GAO noted that: (1) funding in the 150 account, which totalled $1...
Trade Liberalization: Western Hemisphere Trade Issues Confronting the United States
NSIAD-97-119: Published: Jul 21, 1997. Publicly Released: Jul 21, 1997.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO provided information on efforts to liberalize trade among the countries of the Western Hemisphere, focusing on: (1) the principal existing subregional trade arrangements in the Western Hemisphere; (2) the current status of Free Trade Area of the Americas (FTAA) discussions; and (3) certain recent developments in regional trade liberalization outside the FTA...
Food Security: Preparations for the 1996 World Food Summit
NSIAD-97-44: Published: Nov 7, 1996. Publicly Released: Nov 7, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed U.S. preparations for the 1996 World Food Summit, focusing on: (1) the origin, purpose, and financing of the summit; (2) the process used by member countries of the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) to prepare and negotiate a policy declaration and plan of action for approval by world leaders or their representatives; (3) the...
Intellectual Property Rights: U.S. Companies' Comparative Patent Experiences in Japan, Europe, and the United States
T-GGD-93-36: Published: Jul 22, 1993. Publicly Released: Jul 22, 1993.
GAO discussed U.S. companies' patent experiences in Japan as compared with those in the United States and Europe. GAO noted that: (1) more than three times as many companies were dissatisfied with their overall patent experience in Japan as compared with that in the United States and Europe; (2) 65 percent of the companies reported at least one major problem in obtaining patents in Japan; (3) the...
Intellectual Property Rights: U.S. Companies' Patent Experiences in Japan
GGD-93-126: Published: Jul 12, 1993. Publicly Released: Jul 12, 1993.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO compared patent protection for U.S. products in Japan to that in the United States and Europe, focusing on: (1) U.S. companies' experiences in obtaining patents in Japan; (2) the sources of U.S. companies' patent problems in Japan and recent changes in the Japanese patent system; (3) U.S. companies' enforcement of patents in Japan; and (4) progress toward g...