Department of Commerce, Executive (1 - 10 of 11 items)
International Trade: The United States and European Union Are the Two Largest Markets Covered by Key Procurement-Related Agreements
GAO-15-717: Published: Jul 29, 2015. Publicly Released: Jul 29, 2015.
The United States is a party to, or is currently negotiating, international agreements covering government procurement with 60 countries. From 2008 through 2012 these countries together spent on average about $4.4 trillion annually to procure goods and services and to fund capital projects. This represented about a quarter of their total general government expenditures, and includes spending at th...
U.S.-China Trade: Challenges and Choices to Apply Countervailing Duties to China
GAO-06-608T: Published: Apr 4, 2006. Publicly Released: Apr 4, 2006.
Some U.S. companies allege that unfair subsidies are a factor in China's success in U.S. markets. U.S. producers injured by subsidized imports may normally seek countervailing duties (CVD), but the United States does not apply CVDs against countries, including China, that the Department of Commerce classifies as "non-market economies" (NME). In this testimony, which is based on a June 2005 report...
U.S.-China Trade: Eliminating Nonmarket Economy Methodology Would Lower Antidumping Duties for Some Chinese Companies
GAO-06-231: Published: Jan 10, 2006. Publicly Released: Jan 10, 2006.
U.S. companies adversely affected by unfair imports may seek a number of relief measures, including antidumping (AD) duties. The Department of Commerce (Commerce) classifies China as a nonmarket economy (NME) and uses a special methodology that is commonly believed to produce AD duty rates that are higher than those applied to market economies. Commerce may stop applying its NME methodology if it...
China Trade: U.S. Exports, Investment, Affiliate Sales Rising, but Export Share Falling
GAO-06-162: Published: Dec 9, 2005. Publicly Released: Dec 9, 2005.
China is important to the global economy and a major U.S. trading partner. By joining the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 2001, China pledged to further liberalize its trade regime and follow global trade rules. While U.S.-Chinese commercial relations have expanded, controversies have emerged, including the size and growth of the U.S. trade deficit with China, China's lack of intellectual proper...
U.S.-China Trade: Commerce Faces Practical and Legal Challenges in Applying Countervailing Duties
GAO-05-474: Published: Jun 17, 2005. Publicly Released: Jun 17, 2005.
Some U.S. companies allege that unfair subsidies are a factor in Chinese success in U.S. markets. U.S. producers injured by subsidized imports may normally seek countervailing duties (CVD) to offset subsidies, but the United States does not apply CVDs against countries, including China, that the Department of Commerce classifies as "nonmarket economies" (NME). In this report, GAO (1) explains why...
U.S.-China Trade: Opportunities to Improve U.S. Government Efforts to Ensure China's Compliance with World Trade Organization Commitments
GAO-05-53: Published: Oct 6, 2004. Publicly Released: Oct 6, 2004.
China's 2001 accession to the World Trade Organization (WTO) required China to reform its economy and trade practices. As part of ongoing work, GAO reviewed how the U.S. Trade Representative (USTR) and the Departments of Commerce, Agriculture, and State pursued China's WTO compliance in 2003. Specifically, this report (1) discusses the scope and disposition of China's compliance problems, (2) revi...
Textile Trade: Operations of the Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements
NSIAD-96-186: Published: Sep 19, 1996. Publicly Released: Sep 30, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the U.S. Committee for the Implementation of Textile Agreements' (CITA) role in administering the U.S. textile program, focusing on: (1) CITA authority, functions, resources, and costs under the Multifiber Arrangement (MFA) and the 1994 Agreement on Textiles and Clothing (ATC); (2) the CITA process for imposing quotas; (3) CITA use of data to make...
Government Reorganization: Issues Relating to International Trade Responsibilities
T-GGD-95-218: Published: Jul 25, 1995. Publicly Released: Jul 25, 1995.
GAO discussed the potential impact of abolishing the Department of Commerce and some of its functions and transferring its remaining functions to other federal agencies. GAO noted that: (1) Commerce plays an important role in formulating trade policy, promoting exports, regulating trade, and collecting, analyzing, and disseminating trade data; (2) Commerce works with interagency committees to coor...
Commerce's Trade Functions
GGD-95-195R: Published: Jun 26, 1995. Publicly Released: Jun 26, 1995.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined several proposals to consolidate federal trade activities and reorganize the Department of Commerce, focusing on: (1) the role Commerce plays in trade; and (2) past efforts to reorganize federal trade activities. GAO noted that: (1) Commerce plays a significant role in export promotion and trade policymaking, negotiating, regulation, and data colle...
International Trade: Comparison of U.S. and Foreign Antidumping Practices
NSIAD-91-59: Published: Nov 7, 1990. Publicly Released: Nov 7, 1990.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO compared the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade-related antidumping policies and practices of the United States and its major trading partners, focusing on government, legal, and industry views on the: (1) sufficiency of evidence for initiating investigations; (2) transparency of antidumping practices to the parties involved and to the public; and (3) r...