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Community Planning and Development, Department of Housing and Urban Development, Executive (1 - 10 of 86 items)
Housing Finance System: A Framework for Assessing Potential Changes
GAO-15-131: Published: Oct 7, 2014. Publicly Released: Oct 7, 2014.
Developments in the single-family housing finance market from 2000-2013 led to changes in the federal government's role in the housing finance system and ultimately to a significant increase in that role. For example,Before the 2007-2009 financial crisis, the market share of nonprime mortgages—loans often made to borrowers with high-risk characteristics and funded by mortgage backed securities (...
FHA Mortgage Insurance: Applicability of Industry Requirements Is Limited, but Certain Features Could Enhance Oversight
GAO-13-722: Published: Sep 9, 2013. Publicly Released: Oct 22, 2013.
Reserving practices and capital requirements for the Mutual Mortgage Insurance Fund (Fund) of the Federal Housing Administration (FHA) differ in key respects from those for private mortgage insurers (PMI). These differences stem from the distinct environments in which FHA and PMIs operate, including the particular accounting principles and statutory provisions that they must follow. For example, s...
Overview of GAO's Past Work on FHA's Single-Family Mortgage Insurance Programs
GAO-13-400R: Published: Mar 7, 2013. Publicly Released: Mar 7, 2013.
Among other things, GAO's past work discusses FHA's financial condition and steps the agency has taken to improve its financial condition. As housing prices began to decline at the end of 2006 and conventional mortgage lenders tightened their underwriting standards, more homebuyers began taking advantage of FHA-insured loans, which tend to have less strict underwriting standards and require lower...
Inspectors General: HUD Office of Inspector General Resources and Results
GAO-12-618: Published: May 31, 2012. Publicly Released: May 31, 2012.
During the 5-year period from fiscal year 2007 through 2011, the Department of Housing and Urban Developments (HUD) Office of Inspector General (OIG) had budget and staffing resources that were consistent with other OIGs, and a monetary return for each budget dollar which exceeded the average return for Cabinet-level OIGs. During the 5-year period, the HUD OIG had total budgetary resources r...
HUD Has Identified Performance Measures for Its Block Grant Programs, but Information on Impact Is Limited
GAO-12-575R: Published: May 15, 2012. Publicly Released: May 15, 2012.
Information on the overall effectiveness (or impact) of the CDBG and HOME programs is limited. According to HUD officials, the agency has faced challenges in evaluating the impact of CDBG and HOME because, among other things, such an evaluation would have to compare neighborhoods that received program assistance with those that did not. Our previous work has also identified the difficulties of eva...
Nonprime Mortgages: Analysis of Loan Performance, Factors Associated with Defaults, and Data Sources
GAO-10-805: Published: Aug 24, 2010. Publicly Released: Sep 23, 2010.
The surge in mortgage foreclosures that began in late 2006 and continues today was initially driven by deterioration in the performance of nonprime (subprime and Alt-A) loans. Nonprime mortgage originations increased dramatically from 2000 through 2006, rising from about 12 percent ($125 billion) of all mortgage originations to about 34 percent ($1 trillion). The nonprime market contracted sharply...
Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac: Analysis of Options for Revising the Housing Enterprises' Long-term Structures
GAO-09-782: Published: Sep 10, 2009. Publicly Released: Sep 10, 2009.
Congress established Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac (the enterprises) with two key housing missions: (1) provide stability in the secondary market for residential mortgages (also in periods of economic stress) and (2) serve the mortgage credit needs of targeted groups such as low-income borrowers. To accomplish these goals, the enterprises issued debt and stock, purchased mortgages from lenders with t...
Energy Efficiency: Important Challenges Must Be Overcome to Realize Significant Opportunities for Energy Efficiency Improvements in Gulf Coast Reconstruction
GAO-07-654: Published: Jun 26, 2007. Publicly Released: Jun 26, 2007.
Following several hurricanes in 2005, the need to rebuild and repair destroyed and damaged homes and buildings in the Gulf Coast region may create opportunities for making energy efficiency improvements and realizing energy cost savings. While numerous federal agencies are involved in the recovery process, the Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD) and the Department of Energy (DOE) int...
Elderly Housing: Federal Housing Programs That Offer Assistance for the Elderly
GAO-05-174: Published: Feb 14, 2005. Publicly Released: Mar 16, 2005.
According to the 2003 American Housing Survey sponsored by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), nearly one-third of elderly households--those whose head was age 62 or older--were experiencing housing affordability problems. Further, a congressional commission reported in 2002 that investment in affordable housing is decreasing, although the elderly population is expected to...
Home Inspections: Many Buyers Benefit from Inspections, but Mandating Their Use Is Questionable
GAO-04-462: Published: Apr 30, 2004. Publicly Released: Jun 1, 2004.
In the 1990s, the Department of Housing and Urban Development's (HUD) Federal Housing Administration (FHA) dealt with a series of instances where buyers had not been notified of serious problems revealed by their appraisals. This led to several reforms, some of which allegedly may have caused some buyers to forgo home inspections, confusing that service with appraisals. Advocates of mandating home...