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Department of State, Executive (1 - 10 of 11 items)
Darfur Crisis: Progress in Aid and Peace Monitoring Threatened by Ongoing Violence and Operational Challenges
GAO-07-9: Published: Nov 9, 2006. Publicly Released: Dec 11, 2006.
In 2003, violent conflict in Darfur, Sudan broke out between rebel groups, government troops, and government-supported Arab militias, known as the Janjaweed. The conflict has displaced about 2 million Darfurians and has so affected over 1.9 million others that they require assistance. Since October 2003, the U.S. government has provided humanitarian assistance in Darfur and supported African Union...
NATO: U.S. Assistance to the Partnership for Peace
GAO-01-734: Published: Jul 20, 2001. Publicly Released: Jul 20, 2001.
After the collapse of the former Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact in 1991, North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) allies and the United States sought new ways to cooperate with the political and military leadership of their former adversaries. In January 1994, NATO established the Partnership for Peace to increase defense cooperation with former Warsaw Pact members and other former communist st...
Bosnia Peace Operation: Crime and Corruption Threaten Successful Implementation of the Dayton Peace Agreement
NSIAD-00-156: Published: Jul 7, 2000. Publicly Released: Jul 7, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the impact of organized crime and public sector corruption on the efforts of the international community to rebuild Bosnia and meet the benchmarks for the withdrawal of North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) forces, focusing on: (1) how organized crime and public sector corruption might affect the successful implementation of the General Framewo...
Defense Trade: European Initiatives to Integrate the Defense Market
NSIAD-98-6: Published: Oct 29, 1997. Publicly Released: Oct 29, 1997.
GAO reviewed the changes that have taken place in the European defense market over the past 5 years, focusing on: (1) what actions European governments and industry have taken to unify the European defense market; (2) how key European countries' defense procurement practices have affected U.S. defense companies' ability to compete on major weapons competitions in Europe; and (3) how the U.S. gover...
Bosnia Peace Operation: Progress Toward Achieving the Dayton Agreement's Goals
NSIAD-97-132: Published: May 5, 1997. Publicly Released: May 5, 1997.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the implementation of the Bosnia peace operation, focusing on: (1) the progress made in achieving the operation's four key objectives since the operation began in December 1995; and (2) U.S. costs and commitments in support of the operation.GAO noted that: (1) the Bosnia peace operation has helped Bosnia take important first steps toward the Dayton...
Military Exports: Offset Demands Continue to Grow
NSIAD-96-65: Published: Apr 12, 1996. Publicly Released: Apr 12, 1996.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed offset requirements associated with military exports, focusing on: (1) how the offset goals and strategies of major buying countries have changed; (2) the offset requirements of these countries and how they are being satisfied; and (3) the impact of offsets and any action taken by the U.S. government.GAO found that: (1) demands for offsets in forei...
Security Assistance: Need for Improved Reporting on Excess Defense Article Transfers
NSIAD-94-27: Published: Jan 18, 1994. Publicly Released: Jan 18, 1994.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the Department of Defense's (DOD) implementation of the excess defense articles (EDA) program, focusing on: (1) the scope and size of the EDA program; (2) the types of EDA transferred; (3) the EDA congressional reporting process; (4) the accuracy of EDA pricing and valuing procedures; and (5) EDA program management.GAO found that: (1) between 1990...
European Initiatives: Implications for U.S. Defense Trade and Cooperation
NSIAD-91-167: Published: Apr 4, 1991. Publicly Released: Apr 15, 1991.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO examined European initiatives toward forming a single integrated market, focusing on the: (1) activities and initiatives of the European Community (EC) and the Independent European Program Group (IEPG) and their effect on U.S. defense trade and cooperation; (2) defense trade agreements with the European allies of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO...
Increased Cost Sharing for U.S. Forces in Europe Needs a More Systematic Approach
C-ID-81-3: Published: Jan 19, 1981. Publicly Released: Jan 19, 1981.
The question of whether North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) allies should share more U.S. station costs and if so, how much, has not been resolved. Supporting military and related civilian personnel stationed in Europe is costly. Congress has indicated a strong desire to reduce this financial burden by encouraging the President to seek increased peacetime host nation cost sharing. However, t...
Opportunities To Improve Decisionmaking and Oversight of Arms Sales
ID-79-22: Published: May 21, 1979. Publicly Released: May 21, 1979.
In May 1977 the President announced an arms transfer restraint policy. The policy included quantitative and qualitative controls on government-to-government sales to all countries except our NATO allies, Japan, Australia, and New Zealand. The most visible element of the policy was the ceiling placed on the aggregate dollar value of sales to nonexempt countries in 1978 and 1979.The evidence that th...