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Agricultural Research Service, Department of Agriculture, Executive (1 - 10 of 33 items)
Capital Financing: Alternative Approaches to Budgeting for Federal Real Property
GAO-14-239: Published: Mar 12, 2014. Publicly Released: Mar 12, 2014.
Officials at four selected agencies—the General Services Administration (GSA), U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA), the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), and the Department of the Interior (Interior)—experienced challenges receiving full upfront funding for federal real property projects through the annual appropriations process. For example, due to budget constraints, GSA acquired one pr...
Agricultural Research: Two USDA Agencies Can Enhance Safeguards against Project Duplication and Strengthen Collaborative Planning
GAO-13-255: Published: Apr 12, 2013. Publicly Released: May 13, 2013.
The Department of Agriculture's (USDA) Agricultural Research Service (ARS) and the National Institute of Food and Agriculture (NIFA) generally focus on many of the same broad topics and rely on agency safeguards, as well as on the scientific community's professional norms, to prevent inadvertent duplication of research projects within and between the agencies. Shortcomings with certain agency safe...
Energy-Water Nexus: Many Uncertainties Remain about National and Regional Effects of Increased Biofuel Production on Water Resources
GAO-10-116: Published: Nov 30, 2009. Publicly Released: Nov 30, 2009.
In response to concerns about the nation's energy dependence on imported oil, climate change, and other issues, the federal government has encouraged the use of biofuels. Water plays a crucial role in all stages of biofuel production--from cultivation of feedstock through its conversion into biofuel. As demand for water from various sectors increases and places additional stress on already constra...
Veterinarian Workforce: Actions Are Needed to Ensure Sufficient Capacity for Protecting Public and Animal Health
GAO-09-178: Published: Feb 4, 2009. Publicly Released: Feb 18, 2009.
Veterinarians are essential for controlling zoonotic diseases--which spread between animals and humans--such as avian influenza. Most federal veterinarians work in the Departments of Agriculture (USDA), Defense (DOD), and Health and Human Services (HHS). However, there is a growing national shortage of veterinarians. GAO determined the extent to which (1) the federal government has assessed the su...
Plum Island Animal Disease Center: DHS and USDA Are Successfully Coordinating Current Work, but Long-Term Plans Are Being Assessed
GAO-06-132: Published: Dec 19, 2005. Publicly Released: Dec 19, 2005.
The livestock industry, which contributes over $100 billion annually to the national economy, is vulnerable to foreign animal diseases that, if introduced in the United States, could cause severe economic losses. To protect against such losses, critical research and diagnostic activities are conducted at the Plum Island Animal Disease Center in New York. The Department of Agriculture (USDA) was re...
Agriculture Production: USDA's Preparation for Asian Soybean Rust
GAO-05-668R: Published: May 17, 2005. Publicly Released: May 20, 2005.
In November 2004, Asian Soybean Rust (ASR) was discovered in the United States in Louisiana. In the following weeks, it was found in eight additional southern states. ASR is a harmful fungal disease that has spread throughout many other parts of the world, including Asia, Australia, Africa, and South America. ASR can infect over 90 host plant species, including legumes, such as dry beans, peas, an...
Intellectual Property: Deposits of Biological Materials in Support of Certain Patent Applications
GAO-01-49: Published: Oct 16, 2000. Publicly Released: Oct 16, 2000.
Under U.S. patent law, a patent must describe the subject invention in enough detail for someone skilled in that field to use or make it. In cases involving biological materials, the inventor may have to submit a sample. Some members of the biotechnology industry believe that biological deposits make patent infringement easier, reasoning that a person or organization can obtain a sample of the dep...
Food Irradiation: Available Research Indicates That Benefits Outweigh Risks
RCED-00-217: Published: Aug 24, 2000. Publicly Released: Sep 25, 2000.
Pursuant to a congressional request, GAO reviewed the benefits and risks of food irradiation, focusing on the: (1) extent and the purposes for which food irradiation is being used in the United States; and (2) scientifically supported benefits and risks of food irradiation.GAO noted that: (1) to date, only limited amounts of irradiated foods have been sold in the United States; (2) irradiated spic...
U.S. Department of Agriculture: Analysis of Budgets, Fiscal Years 1997-98
RCED-97-135R: Published: May 5, 1997. Publicly Released: May 5, 1997.
GAO reviewed the Department of Agriculture's (USDA) appropriation for fiscal year (FY) 1997 and budget request for FY 1998 for selected budget accounts, focusing on potential rescissions to USDA's appropriation for FY 1997 and potential reductions or deferrals to USDA's budget request for FY 1998.GAO noted that: (1) about $3 billion of the budget authority appropriated for the Food Stamp Program i...
Agricultural Research: More Efficient and Accountable System Could Better Respond to New Challenges
T-RCED-97-101: Published: Mar 13, 1997. Publicly Released: Mar 13, 1997.
GAO discussed the U.S. agricultural research system, focusing on what could be done to help the system respond to the challenges faced by the agricultural sector.GAO noted that: (1) while many agricultural research needs have changed, the structure created to meet these needs has remained essentially intact; (2) in fiscal year (FY) 1996, the Agricultural Research Service (ARS) allocated over $67 m...