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Bureau of the Census, Department of Commerce, Executive (51 - 60 of 397 items)
American Samoa and Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands: Employment, Earnings, and Status of Key Industries Since Minimum Wage Increases Began
GAO-11-427: Published: Jun 23, 2011. Publicly Released: Jun 23, 2011.
In 2007, the United States enacted a law incrementally raising the minimum wages in American Samoa and the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands (CNMI) until they equal the U.S. minimum wage. American Samoa's minimum wage increased by $.50 three times, and the CNMI's four times before legislation delayed the increases, providing for no increase in American Samoa in 2010 or 2011 and none in...
Indian Issues: Observations on Some Unique Factors that May Affect Economic Activity on Tribal Lands
GAO-11-543T: Published: Apr 7, 2011. Publicly Released: Apr 7, 2011.
Indian tribes are among the most economically distressed groups in the United States. In 2008, the U.S. Census Bureau reported that the poverty rate among American Indian and Alaska Natives was almost twice as high as the population as a whole--27 percent compared with 15 percent. Residents of tribal lands often lack basic infrastructure, such as water and sewer systems, and sufficient technology...
2010 Census: Preliminary Lessons Learned Highlight the Need for Fundamental Reforms
GAO-11-496T: Published: Apr 6, 2011. Publicly Released: Apr 6, 2011.
GAO added the 2010 Census to its list of high-risk programs in 2008 in part because of (1) long-standing weaknesses in the Census Bureau's (Bureau) information technology (IT) acquisition and contract management function, (2) difficulties in developing reliable life-cycle cost estimates, and (3) key operations that were not tested under operational conditions. These issues jeopardized the Bureau's...
State and Local Governments: Knowledge of Past Recessions Can Inform Future Federal Fiscal Assistance
GAO-11-401: Published: Mar 31, 2011. Publicly Released: Mar 31, 2011.
The most recent recession, which started in December 2007, is generally believed to be the worst economic downturn the country has experienced since the Great Depression. In response to this recession, Congress passed the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009 (Recovery Act), which provided state and local governments with about $282 billion in fiscal assistance. The Recovery Act requires...
2010 Census: Follow-up Should Reduce Coverage Errors, but Effects on Demographic Groups Need to Be Determined
GAO-11-154: Published: Dec 14, 2010. Publicly Released: Dec 14, 2010.
The U.S. Census Bureau (Bureau) puts forth tremendous effort to conduct a complete and accurate count of the nation's population and housing; yet some degree of error in the form of persons missed, duplicated, or counted in the wrong place is inevitable due to the complexity in counting a large and diverse population. The Bureau designed two operations, Coverage Follow-up (CFU) and Field Verificat...
2010 Census: Key Efforts to Include Hard-to-Count Populations Went Generally as Planned; Improvements Could Make the Efforts More Effective for Next Census
GAO-11-45: Published: Dec 14, 2010. Publicly Released: Dec 14, 2010.
To overcome the long-standing challenge of enumerating hard-to-count (HTC) groups such as minorities and renters, the U.S. Census Bureau (Bureau), used outreach programs, such as paid advertising, and partnered with thousands of organizations to enlist their support for the census. The Bureau also conducted Service-Based Enumeration (SBE), which was designed to count people who frequent soup kitch...
2010 Census: Data Collection Operations Were Generally Completed as Planned, but Long-standing Challenges Suggest Need for Fundamental Reforms
GAO-11-193: Published: Dec 14, 2010. Publicly Released: Dec 14, 2010.
Although the U.S. Census Bureau (Bureau) generally completed the field data collection phase of the 2010 Census consistent with its operational plans, at $13 billion, 2010 was the costliest census in the nation's history. Moving forward, it will be important to both refine existing operations as well as to reexamine the fundamental approach to the census to better address long-standing issues such...
State and Local Governments: Fiscal Pressures Could Have Implications for Future Delivery of Intergovernmental Programs
GAO-10-899: Published: Jul 30, 2010. Publicly Released: Aug 13, 2010.
State and local governments work in partnership with the federal government to implement numerous intergovernmental programs. Fiscal pressures for state and local governments may exist when spending is expected to outpace revenues for the long term. GAO was asked to examine (1) the long-term fiscal pressures facing state and local governments and historical spending and revenue trends, (2) spendin...
Campaign Finance Reform: Experiences of Two States That Offered Full Public Funding for Political Candidates
GAO-10-390: Published: May 28, 2010. Publicly Released: May 28, 2010.
The 2000 elections in Maine and Arizona were the first in the nation's history where candidates seeking state legislative seats had the option to fully fund their campaigns with public moneys. In 2003, GAO reviewed the public financing programs in Maine and Arizona and found the programs' goals were to (1) increase electoral competition; (2) increase voter choice; (3) curb increases in campaign co...
Consumer Finance: Factors Affecting the Financial Literacy of Individuals with Limited English Proficiency
GAO-10-518: Published: May 21, 2010. Publicly Released: May 21, 2010.
According to Census data, more than 12 million adults in the United States report they do not speak English well or at all. Proficiency in reading, writing, speaking, and understanding the English language appears to be linked to multiple dimensions of adult life in the United States, including financial literacy--the ability to make informed judgments and take effective actions regarding the curr...