This is the accessible text file for CG Presentation number GAO-10- 111CG entitled 'The Role of the U.S. Government Accountability Office' which was released on October 14, 2009. This text file was formatted by the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) to be accessible to users with visual impairments, as part of a longer term project to improve GAO products' accessibility. Every attempt has been made to maintain the structural and data integrity of the original printed product. Accessibility features, such as text descriptions of tables, consecutively numbered footnotes placed at the end of the file, and the text of agency comment letters, are provided but may not exactly duplicate the presentation or format of the printed version. The portable document format (PDF) file is an exact electronic replica of the printed version. We welcome your feedback. Please E-mail your comments regarding the contents or accessibility features of this document to Webmaster@gao.gov. This is a work of the U.S. government and is not subject to copyright protection in the United States. It may be reproduced and distributed in its entirety without further permission from GAO. Because this work may contain copyrighted images or other material, permission from the copyright holder may be necessary if you wish to reproduce this material separately. U.S. Government Accountability Office: GAO: The Role of the U.S. Government Accountability Office: House Democracy Partnership: Members of Parliament from Georgia, Kosovo, Macedonia and Mongolia: Washington, D.C. October 2, 2008: Gene L. Dodaro: Acting Comptroller General of the United States: GAO-10-111CG: Presentation Outline: * Who we are and how we do our work; * Demand for service and impact of work; * The importance of collaboration and capacity building. Who We Are and How We Do Our Work: GAO’s Role & Mission: GAO’s role is to support the Congress in carrying out its constitutional responsibilities and to help improve the performance and assure accountability of government for the benefit of the American people. Key Approaches: GAO carries out its mission in four fundamental ways: Oversight: preventing and detecting fraud, waste, abuse, and mismanagement; Insight: making government more efficient and effective; Foresight: identifying emerging issues; Adjudication: resolving bid protests and providing legal opinions. Core Values: Accountability: Help the Congress oversee federal programs, policies, and operations to ensure accountability to the American people. Integrity: Ensure that our work is professional, objective, fact-based, nonpartisan, nonideological, fair, and balanced. Reliability: Provide high-quality, timely, accurate, useful, clear, and candid information. Serving The Congress And The Nation: GAO's Strategic Plan Framework Mission: GAO exists to support the Congress in meeting its constitutional responsibilities and to help improve the performance and ensure the accountability of the federal government for the benefit of the American people. Themes: * Changing Security Threats; * Sustainability Concerns; * Economic Growth & Competitiveness; * Global Interdependency; * Societal Change; * Quality of Life; * Science & Technology. Goals and Objectives: Provide Timely, Quality Service to the Congress and the Federal Government to Address Current and Emerging Challenges to the Well-being and Financial Security of the American People related to: * Health care needs; * Lifelong learning; * Work benefits and protection; * Financial security; * Effective system of justice; * Viable communities; * Natural resources use and environmental protection; * Physical infrastructure. Respond to Changing Security Threats and the Challenges of Global Interdependence involving: * Homeland security; * Military capabilities and readiness; * Advancement of U.S. interests; * Global market forces. Help Transform the Federal Government's Role and How It Does Business to Meet Twenty-first Century Challenges by assessing: * Roles in achieving federal objectives; * Government transformation; * Key management challenges and program risks; * Fiscal position and financing of the government. Maximize the Value of GAO by Being a Model Federal Agency and a World- Class Professional Services Organization in the areas of: * Client and customer satisfaction; * Strategic leadership; * Institutional knowledge and experience; * Process improvement * Employer of choice. Core Values: * Accountability; * Integrity; * Reliability. Source: GAO. [End of GAO's Strategic Plan Framework] GAO’s Mission Teams: * Defense Capabilities Management; * Education, Workforce, and Income Security; * Financial Markets and Community Investments; * Health Care; * Homeland Security and Justice; * International Affairs and Trade; * Natural Resources and the Environment; * Physical Infrastructure; * Acquisitions and Sourcing Management; * Applied Research and Methods; * Financial Management Assurance; * Information Technology; * Strategic Issues. GAO’s Workforce: * 3,141 FTE—75% in D.C., 25% in field; * Workforce consists primarily of analysts, IT specialists, auditors, attorneys, and economists; * GAO has technical chiefs for accounting, actuarial science, economics, statistics, science, and technology; * 80% of GAO’s resources spent on people. GAO’s Independence: The Comptroller General (CG) is the head of GAO: * confirmed through a joint selection/appointment process involving the Congress and the President. * serves a 15 year term of office. * can only be removed by impeachment or joint resolution of Congress for specified reasons. GAO staff at all levels are civil servants, not political appointees. GAO’s Protocols: Congressional Protocols: Govern GAO’s interactions with our client, the Congress. Agency Protocols: Govern GAO’s interactions with executive branch agencies. International Protocols: Govern GAO’s work that has international components or implications. Congressional Protocols: * GAO considers various criteria before accepting requests; * GAO prioritizes its work; * GAO makes certain commitments to congressional requesters. Standards: Government Auditing Standards: * Other generally accepted practices for: - surveys; - statistical sampling; - other applicable industry standards, such as those for engineering and actuarial work; * Quality Assurance System. Monitoring and Review: * Annual audit by external auditors; * Audit Advisory Committee; * GAO’s Inspector General reviews; * Annual internal assessments of internal controls; * Annual internal inspection program; * External peer review every 3 years. Demand for Services and Impact of Work: Demand High for GAO Assistance: * Over 1,200 requests received in ’08; * Over 900 requests received to date in ’09; * Over 130 new mandates for GAO reviews to date in FY ’09. Increasing Demand for GAO Testimony: * GAO witnesses testifying at record pace: - 298 testimonies in FY ’08; - Over 200 to date in FY ’09. Table: Fiscal Year 2008 Performance: Measure: Financial benefits (in billions); FY 08 Target: $40.0; FY 08 Actual: $58.1. Measure: Other benefits; FY 08 Target: 1,150; FY 08 Actual: 1,398. Measure: Testimonies; FY 08 Target: 220; FY 08 Actual: 298. Measure: Products with recommendations; FY 08 Target: 60%; FY 08 Actual: 66%. Measure: Recommendations implemented; FY 08 Target: 80%; FY 08 Actual: 83%. Measure: Timeliness (based on client feedback); FY 08 Target: 95%; FY 08 Actual: 95%. [End of table] Impact of GAO’s Work: In FY ’08, GAO delivered hundreds of reports and briefings to aid congressional oversight and decision making and there are many examples showing the impact of our work: Financial Benefits Example: * Helped to improve spectrum management by extending auction authority. Non-financial Benefits Example: * Helped to increase requirements for water sprinklers in nursing homes. The Importance of Collaboration and Capacity Building: The Importance of Collaboration: To strengthen accountability on a domestic and international basis, GAO coordinates in an ongoing way with: * The National Intergovernmental Audit Forum: * The Domestic Working Group: * The International Organization of Supreme Audit Institutions: * The Global Working Group: GAO in the International Community: * GAO is a member of the International Organization of Supreme Audit Institutions (INTOSAI): * GAO’s Comptroller General sits on the INTOSAI Governing Board: * GAO facilitates an international auditor fellowship training program: * GAO participates in international peer reviews: * Partnerships are a key enabler of change and help to leverage available resources. Evolving Challenges for Supreme Audit Institutions: Public expectations of government are changing: * Zero tolerance for corruption; * Desire for enhanced results and improved responsiveness; * Selected trends and challenges that have no boundaries: - Debt finance and financial markets; - Changing security threats; - Global interdependence; - Climate change; - Science and technology; - Governance. Looking Inward: Building GAO’s Institutional Capacity: GAO, like other audit entities, must strive to recruit and retain employees with the proper skill mix in order to deal effectively with current and emerging challenges. Along these line, GAO: * Implemented core leadership training; * Grows faculty from within (“adjuncts”); * Contracts with the National Academy of Sciences (NAS), when needed; * Hired a Chief Scientist; * Designed a state of the art computer lab. Growing Expectations on the Accountability Profession: To face current and emerging challenges, the accountability profession must: * Identify problem spots before crises emerge; * Recognize problems often need multiple organizations to work together; * Provide more detailed recommendations; * Add value by providing timely special products; * Cope with constrained resources. Ways to Strengthen the Accountability Profession: * Focusing on strategic planning: * Modernizing professional standards: * Leading the way on fiscal stewardship: * Helping identify needed transformations: * Building audit capacity: [End of presentation] On the Web: Web site: [hyperlink, http://www.gao.gov/cghome.htm]. Contact: Chuck Young, Managing Director, Public Affairs: YoungC1@gao.gov (202) 512-4800: U.S. Government Accountability Office: 441 G Street NW, Room 7149: Washington, D.C. 20548: Copyright: This is a work of the U.S. government and is not subject to copyright protection in the United States. 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