This is the accessible text file for CG Presentation number GAO-09- 159CG entitled 'The Upcoming Transition: GAO’s Efforts to Assist the 111th Congress and the Next Administration' which was released on November 3, 2009. This text file was formatted by the U.S. Government Accountability Office (GAO) to be accessible to users with visual impairments, as part of a longer term project to improve GAO products' accessibility. Every attempt has been made to maintain the structural and data integrity of the original printed product. Accessibility features, such as text descriptions of tables, consecutively numbered footnotes placed at the end of the file, and the text of agency comment letters, are provided but may not exactly duplicate the presentation or format of the printed version. The portable document format (PDF) file is an exact electronic replica of the printed version. We welcome your feedback. Please E-mail your comments regarding the contents or accessibility features of this document to Webmaster@gao.gov. This is a work of the U.S. government and is not subject to copyright protection in the United States. It may be reproduced and distributed in its entirety without further permission from GAO. Because this work may contain copyrighted images or other material, permission from the copyright holder may be necessary if you wish to reproduce this material separately. The Upcoming Transition: GAO’s Efforts to Assist the 111th Congress and the Next Administration: Gene L. Dodaro: City College of New York: Charles B. Rangel Center for Public Service: October 23, 2008: GAO-09-159CG: Outline: Brief overview of GAO: Key objectives for our transition work: Examples of transition issues to be covered: [End of outline] GAO Overview: GAO’s Mission: GAO exists to support the Congress in carrying out its constitutional responsibilities and to help improve the performance and assure accountability of government for the benefit of the American people. We play a unique, independent and non-partisan “watchdog” role. Serving The Congress And The Nation: GAO's Strategic Plan Framework Mission: GAO exists to support the Congress in meeting its constitutional responsibilities and to help improve the performance and ensure the accountability of the federal government for the benefit of the American people. Themes: * Changing Security Threats; * Sustainability Concerns; * Economic Growth & Competitiveness; * Global Interdependency; * Societal Change; * Quality of Life; * Science & Technology. Goals and Objectives: Provide Timely, Quality Service to the Congress and the Federal Government to Address Current and Emerging Challenges to the Well-being and Financial Security of the American People related to: * Health care needs; * Lifelong learning; * Work benefits and protection; * Financial security; * Effective system of justice; * Viable communities; * Natural resources use and environmental protection; * Physical infrastructure. Respond to Changing Security Threats and the Challenges of Global Interdependence involving: * Homeland security; * Military capabilities and readiness; * Advancement of U.S. interests; * Global market forces. Help Transform the Federal Government's Role and How It Does Business to Meet Twenty-first Century Challenges by assessing: * Roles in achieving federal objectives; * Government transformation; * Key management challenges and program risks; * Fiscal position and financing of the government. Maximize the Value of GAO by Being a Model Federal Agency and a World- Class Professional Services Organization in the areas of: * Client and customer satisfaction; * Strategic leadership; * Institutional knowledge and experience; * Process improvement; * Employer of choice. Core Values: * Accountability; * Integrity; * Reliability. [End of GAO's Strategic Plan Framework] Demand High for GAO Assistance: * Over 1,200 requests received from Congress in ’08. * Over 160 new mandates for GAO reviews were embedded into law. * Provided testimony before Congress over 300 times in FY 2008. Core Values: Accountability: Help the Congress oversee federal programs, policies, and operations to ensure accountability to the American people. Integrity: Ensure that our work is professional, objective, fact-based, nonpartisan, nonideological, fair, and balanced. Reliability: Provide high-quality, timely, accurate, useful, clear, and candid information. GAO’s Workforce: * 3,100 FTE — 75% in D.C., 25% in field. * Workforce consists primarily of analysts, IT specialists, auditors, attorneys, and economists. * GAO has technical chiefs for accounting, actuarial science, economics, statistics, science, and technology. * 80% of GAO’s resources spent on people. * We hire people with advanced degrees including public administration and public policy. Table: Fiscal Year 2008 Performance: Measures: Financial benefits (in billions); FY 08 Actual: $57.8. Measures: Other benefits; FY 08 Actual: 1,398. Measures: Testimonies; FY 08 Actual: 304. Measures: Products with recommendations; FY 08 Actual: 66%. Measures: Recommendations implemented; FY 08 Actual: 83%. Measures: Timeliness (based on client feedback); FY 08 Actual: 95%. [End of table] Near Term: GAO Role in Financial Rescue: * Oversight role critically important in Economic Stabilization Act; * Congress turned to GAO; * Auditors of FDIC, FHFA and government wide statements; * Advice and analysis in reassessing regulatory structure. Long Term: GAO Simulations on Federal Fiscal Path: * Short term issues require responses; * Long term unsustainable path will ultimately need attention; * Need to reexamine base, reform entitlements and review revenue structures. Composition of Federal Spending: [See PDF for image] There are three pie charts, containing the following compositions of spending by category: Year: 1967; Defense: 45%; Social Security: 14%; Medicare and Medicaid: 2%; Net Interest: 7%; All Other: 32%. Year: 1987; Defense: 28%; Social Security: 21%; Medicare and Medicaid: 10%; Net Interest: 14%; All Other: 27%. Year: 2007; Defense: 20%; Social Security: 21%; Medicare and Medicaid: 21%; Net Interest: 9%; All Other: 29%. Source: GAO analysis of data from the Office of Management and Budget. [End of figure] Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid Spending as a Percent of GDP: [See PDF for image] This is a line graph with three stacked lines (Social Security, Medicaid, and Medicare). The vertical axis represents Percent of GDP and the horizontal axis represents fiscal years 2008 through 2080. The following data is depicted: 2008: Social Security: 4.32; Medicaid: 1.5; Medicare: 3.236; Total: 9.056. 2009: Social Security: 4.35; Medicaid: 1.525; Medicare: 3.277; Total: 9.152. 2010: Social Security: 4.39; Medicaid: 1.6; Medicare: 3.323; Total: 9.313. 2011: Social Security: 4.44; Medicaid: 1.6; Medicare: 3.367; Total: 9.407. 2012: Social Security: 4.52; Medicaid: 1.625; Medicare: 3.446; Total: 9.591. 2013: Social Security: 4.61; Medicaid: 1.7; Medicare: 3.568; Total: 9.878. 2014: Social Security: 4.7; Medicaid: 1.725; Medicare: 3.618; Total: 10.043. 2015: Social Security: 4.8; Medicaid: 1.825; Medicare: 3.713; Total: 10.338. 2016: Social Security: 4.9; Medicaid: 1.9; Medicare: 3.819; Total: 10.619. 2017: Social Security: 5.01; Medicaid: 1.925; Medicare: 3.967; Total: 10.902. 2018: Social Security: 5.1; Medicaid: 1.962; Medicare: 4.122; Total: 11.184. 2019: Social Security: 5.2; Medicaid: 2.002; Medicare: 4.281; Total: 11.483. 2020: Social Security: 5.3; Medicaid: 2.044; Medicare: 4.445; Total: 11.789. 2021: Social Security: 5.39; Medicaid: 2.087; Medicare: 4.616; Total: 12.093. 2022: Social Security: 5.48; Medicaid: 2.133; Medicare: 4.797; Total: 12.41. 2023: Social Security: 5.56; Medicaid: 2.181; Medicare: 4.982; Total: 12.723. 2024: Social Security: 5.64; Medicaid: 2.231; Medicare: 5.166; Total: 12.976. 2025: Social Security: 5.71; Medicaid: 2.284; Medicare: 5.351; Total: 13.345. 2026: Social Security: 5.78; Medicaid: 2.338; Medicare: 5.537; Total: 13,655. 2027: Social Security: 5.84; Medicaid: 2.395; Medicare: 5.725; Total: 13.96. 2028: Social Security: 5.9; Medicaid: 2.45; Medicare: 5.910; Total: 14.26. 2029: Social Security: 5.95; Medicaid: 2.506; Medicare: 6.088; Total: 14.544. 2030: Social Security: 6; Medicaid: 2.564; Medicare: 6.258 Total: 14.882. 2031: Social Security: 6.03; Medicaid: 2.622; Medicare: 6.417; Total: 15.069. 2032: Social Security: 6.06; Medicaid: 2.681; Medicare: 6.568; Total: 15.309. 2033: Social Security: 6.08; Medicaid: 2.741; Medicare: 6.716; Total: 15.537. 2034: Social Security: 6.09; Medicaid: 2.802; Medicare: 6.681; Total: 15.573. 2035: Social Security: 6.09; Medicaid: 2.86; Medicare: 7.003; Total: 15.953. 2036: Social Security: 6.09; Medicaid: 2.92; Medicare: 7.142; Total: 16.152. 2037: Social Security: 6.08; Medicaid: 2.978; Medicare: 7.268; Total: 16.326. 2038: Social Security: 6.06 Medicaid: 3.038; Medicare: 7.380; Total: 16.478. 2039: Social Security: 6.04 Medicaid: 3.095; Medicare: 7.484; Total: 16.619. 2040: Social Security: 6.02; Medicaid: 3.151; Medicare: 7.583; Total: 16.754. 2041: Social Security: 5.99; Medicaid: 3.205; Medicare: 7.676; Total: 16.871. 2042: Social Security: 5.97; Medicaid: 3.26; Medicare: 7.764; Total: 16.994. 2043: Social Security: 5.94; Medicaid: 3.311; Medicare: 7.848; Total: 17.099. 2044: Social Security: 5.92; Medicaid: 3.365; Medicare: 7.930; Total: 17.215. 2045: Social Security: 5.89; Medicaid: 3.417; Medicare: 8.013; Total: 17.32. 2046: Social Security: 5.87; Medicaid: 3.471; Medicare: 8.095; Total: 17.436. 2047: Social Security: 5.85; Medicaid: 3.521; Medicare: 8.174; Total: 17.545. 2048: Social Security: 5.84; Medicaid: 3.572; Medicare: 8.249; Total: 17.661. 2049: Social Security: 5.82; Medicaid: 3.62; Medicare: 8.323; Total: 17.763. 2050: Social Security: 5.81; Medicaid: 3.666; Medicare: 8.397; Total: 17.873. 2051: Social Security: 5.8; Medicaid: 3.71; Medicare: 8.472; Total: 17.982. 2052: Social Security: 5.79; Medicaid: 3.753; Medicare: 8.546; Total: 18.089. 2053: Social Security: 5.78; Medicaid: 3.798; Medicare: 8.619; Total: 18.197. 2054: Social Security: 5.78; Medicaid: 3.841; Medicare: 8.697; Total: 18.318. 2055: Social Security: 5.77; Medicaid: 3.885; Medicare: 8.781; Total: 18.436. 2056: Social Security: 5.77; Medicaid: 3.93; Medicare: 8.869; Total: 18.569. 2057: Social Security: 5.77; Medicaid: 3.974; Medicare: 8.956; Total: 18.7. 2058: Social Security: 5.77; Medicaid: 4.02; Medicare: 9.042; Total: 18.832. 2059: Social Security: 5.77; Medicaid: 4.061; Medicare: 9.126; Total: 18.957. 2060: Social Security: 5.77; Medicaid: 4.106; Medicare: 9.209; Total: 19.085. 2061: Social Security: 5.77; Medicaid: 4.151; Medicare: 9.292; Total: 19.213. 2062: Social Security: 5.77; Medicaid: 4.193; Medicare: 9.374; Total: 19.337. 2063: Social Security: 5.76; Medicaid: 4.237; Medicare: 9.456; Total: 19.453. 2064: Social Security: 5.76; Medicaid: 4.282; Medicare: 9.539; Total: 19.581. 2065: Social Security: 5.76; Medicaid: 4.329; Medicare: 9.625; Total: 19.714. 2066: Social Security: 5.76; Medicaid: 4.376; Medicare: 9.709; Total: 19.845. 2067: Social Security: 5.77; Medicaid: 4.442; Medicare: 9.789; Total: 20.001. 2068: Social Security: 5.77; Medicaid: 4.469; Medicare: 9.867; Total: 20.106. 2069: Social Security: 5.77; Medicaid: 4.516; Medicare: 9.946; Total: 20.232. 2070: Social Security: 5.77; Medicaid: 4.562; Medicare: 10.025; Total: 20.582. 2071: Social Security: 5.78; Medicaid: 4.605; Medicare: 10.100; Total: 20.485. 2072: Social Security: 5.78; Medicaid: 4.651; Medicare: 10.170; Total: 20.601. 2073: Social Security: 5.78; Medicaid: 4.693; Medicare: 10.240; Total: 20.713. 2074: Social Security: 5.79; Medicaid: 4.738; Medicare: 10.309; Total: 20.837. 2075: Social Security: 5.79; Medicaid: 4.784; Medicare: 10.377; Total: 20.951. 2076: Social Security: 5.79; Medicaid: 4.827; Medicare: 10.442; Total: 21.059. 2077: Social Security: 5.8; Medicaid: 4.87; Medicare: 10.505; Total: 21.205. 2078: Social Security: 5.8; Medicaid: 4.915; Medicare: 10.567; Total: 21.282. 2079: Social Security: 5.81; Medicaid: 4.955; Medicare: 10.627; Total: 21.392. 2080: Social Security: 5.81; Medicaid: 4.995; Medicare: 10.686; Total: 21.491. Source: GAO analysis of data from the Office of the Chief Actuary, Social Security Administration, Office of the Actuary, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services, and the Congressional Budget Office. Note: Social Security and Medicare projections based on the intermediate assumptions of the 2008 Trustees’ Reports. Medicaid projections based on CBO’s January 2008 short-term Medicaid estimates and CBO’s December 2007 long-term Medicaid projections adjusted to reflect excess cost growth consistent with the 2008 Trustees intermediate assumptions. [End of graph] [End of section] Transition Objectives: No Ordinary Transition: Dynamics Shaping our Environment: * A nation at war and facing first homeland security change; * Near-term and long-term economic challenges: - Financial Turmoil; - Economic Slowdown; - Long-term fiscal imbalance as backdrop; * Personnel and Performance Challenges. Presidential Transition Act: * Enacted in 1963 for an orderly transfer of executive power; * Provides for federal funding and disclosures; * Recognizes GAO as important resource. Transition: GAO Objectives: * Provide insight into pressing national issues; * Highlight the growing need for innovative, integrated approaches to solve national and global challenges; * Document targeted opportunities to conserve resources that can be applied to new initiatives; * Underscore critical capacity-building needs in individual agencies that will affect implementation of whatever new priorities are pursued; * Help inform the management improvement agendas of Congress and the new administration. Examples Of Transition Issues: Provide Insight into Pressing National Issues: * Oversight of financial institutions and markets; * US efforts in Iraq, Afghanistan and Pakistan; * Protecting the homeland—including: - Disaster response; - Cyber critical infrastructures; * Decision on conduct of 2010 census. Growing Need for Innovative, Integrated Approaches to National and Global Challenges: * Care for servicemembers and veterans; * Strengthening preparedness for large-scale public health emergencies; * Oversight of food safety; * Financing surface transportation infrastructure. Document Targeted Opportunities to Conserve Resources That Can Be Applied to New Initiatives: * Addressing over $55 billion in improper payments; * Confronting estimated $290 billion tax gap; * Managing large scale acquisitions: * Collecting oil and gas royalties. Underscore Critical Capacity Building Needs: Critical needs in individual agencies will affect policy implementation. * Selection of senior leadership team—leadership skills, abilities, experience; * Build on statutory management framework: - Strengthen capacity to manage contractors; - Better manage IT to achieve benefits and control costs; - Address human capital challenges; - Strengthen financial management. Help Inform Management Improvement Agendas of Congress and New Administration: High Risk List: * Started in 1990 with focus on fraud, waste, abuse, and mismanagement; * Evolved to include major economy, efficiency, effectiveness, and transformation challenges; * Updates issued at the start of each new Congress; * Focus from cabinet officers. [End of presentation] On the Web: Web site: [hyperlink, http://www.gao.gov/cghome.htm] Contact: Chuck Young, Managing Director, Public Affairs: YoungC1@gao.gov: (202) 512-4800: U.S. Government Accountability Office: 441 G Street NW, Room 7149: Washington, D.C. 20548: Copyright: This is a work of the U.S. government and is not subject to copyright protection in the United States. The published product may be reproduced and distributed in its entirety without further permission from GAO. However, because this work may contain copyrighted images or other material, permission from the copyright holder may be necessary if you wish to reproduce this material separately.